Although for a long time and for many, management and managers have been distinguished from specific professions and occupations, any clear separation is less tenable today. Management comprises of various occupational or expert groups including both traditional and 'corporate' professions such as accounting, HR and project management (Muzio et al., 2011).
In addition, management logics, tools and language pervade the practice and organization of occupations. They are enmeshed in the sense that organizations and economic systems need to be understood through the agency of occupational groups who compete for managerial authority and jurisdictional control.
Both the fields of management and professional occupations have a long academic tradition, often running in parallel with organization theory. They also lie at the heart of contemporary social change and of conceptual and policy concerns across the social sciences.
Theoretically, the intersection of these fields relates to one of the foundational, but sometimes forgotten, issues in organization studies, that is the societal