Cross-national and regional variations in organizational forms, ideas and practices have long been at the heart of organizational studies. Likewise, in research on occupations and the 'professions', different historical, national trajectories are well established. Other research has added globalizing, post-colonial and transnational dynamics to the 'mix' of culture and institutions to help understand organisations and occupational elites better. However, in the related, but largely unregulated domain of management expertise and advice – such as consultancy, industry/peer networks, business analysts, coaching, the media and business schools – comparative work is less well developed.
We have some understanding of the significance of the role of experts in the diffusion of ideas and practices and of the distribution of certain actors in national studies. However, we know little on how expertise and advice is differentially sought, used or provided across contexts. This is important in various ways. In particular, it draws attention to alternative ways of organising innovation and to the limitations of assuming universal patterns of relating. Also, and specifically in relation to the conference theme, expertise and advice may either trigger or impede reflexivity in organizations, such as through responses to and adaptations of generic management models.
This stream seeks to develop our knowledge of management expertise and advice through a largely comparative or context-sensitive focus and at the same time develop ways of understanding contexts that both recognise embeddedness, but also mobility and change. A wide range of groups are involved in the provision of management expertise and advice. We can add to understanding of this activity through various forms of comparative analyses focusing on variations and similarities in how management expertise is sought, used and provided in relation to different levels, including nation, region, sector and organization, but also across different fields such as engineering, law, politics, or self-help.
Thus, we are concerned with comparative analysis in a broad sense. The following questions are indicative of our concerns:
Overall, we welcome a variety of approaches and research from different contexts and using different methods, but especially work that is explicitly comparative in nature, both ongoing and completed. For instance, we would seek to draw on the combination of 'system, society and dominance' effects for example, but also to integrate different literatures or, at least start 'conversations' between them such as those on technological innovation, management innovation, trust, issue selling and social interaction. We also invite local studies which are non-comparative, but which reflect upon and theorise context in relation to how management expertise and advice is provided and sought.